ERFAN, acronym of Enhancing Research for Africa Network, is a scientific Network of African and Italian Veterinary Institutions promoting collaborations and coordination to address health priorities in Africa. Originated from the strong desire to promote collaboration and coordination to address health priorities in Africa, ERFAN constitutes a valuable platform on which to build up a fruitful collaboration that would an advantage for African countries in reaching their goal and for OIE and Italian Institution in gaining continuous and updated knowledge of the health condition of this growing part of the Word that Europe and Italy is interacting with. To develop follow-up action so as to make regional networks functional on a sustainable basis is the general objective. ERFAN will support the Italian and African communities to deliver solutions to global challenges in the areas of animal/human health, food security, food hygiene and environment protection. It will seek to serve as an incubator and accelerator to connect projects at regional level.